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ISLAMIC MEDICAL EDUCATION RESOURCES-03

0508-DRINKS, (ASHRIBAT)

By Professor Omar Hasan Kasule Sr.

Learning Objectives

  • Regulations of drinking, ahkaam al shurb
  • Etiquette of drinking, adab al shurb

 

Key Words and Key Terms

  • Sources of water

        Types of fresh water

  • Purposes of water

        Milk

  • Honey

        Halaal and haraam drinks

  • Permitted drinks
  • Offensive drinks
  • Prohibition of khamr

        Prohibited non-alcoholic drinks

  • Etiquette of drinking, adab al sharab
        Drinking vessels
        Hygienic measures in drinking
  • Breathing into vessels
  • Blowing into the drink
  • Manner of drinking from the vessel

        Ethanol as a solvent in medicinal preparation

  • Fermentation of sugar-containing drinks
  • Materials out of which alcohol is made
  • Pollution of community water supplies
  • Public interest, maslahat, must be considered
  • Ownership of community water supplies
  • Addictive non-alcoholic drinks

 

 

UNIT OUTLINE

1.0 SOURCES and TYPES OF DRINKS

A. Sources of Water

B. Types of Fresh Water

C. Purposes of Water

D. Milk

E. Honey

 

2.0 HALAAL AND HARAAM DRINKS

A. Basis for Halaal and Haraam

B. Permitted Drinks

C. Offensive Drinks

D. Prohibition of Khamr

E. Prohibited Non-Alcoholic Drinks

 

3.0 ETIQUETTE OF DRINKING, adab al sharab

A. Type, Amount and Frequency Of Drinking

B. Start of Drinking

C. How to Drink

D. Ending Drinking

E. Drinking Vessels
 
4.0 HYGIENIC MEASURES IN DRINKING

A. Breathing into Vessels

B. Blowing into the Drink

C. Manner of Drinking from the Vessel

 

5.0 RULINGS ON DRINKS

A. Ethanol as a solvent in medicinal preparation

B. Fermentation of sugar-containing drinks

C. Materials out of which alcohol is made

D. Community water supplies

E. Addictive non-alcoholic drinks

 

UNIT SYNOPSIS

1.0 SOURCES and TYPES OF DRINKS

The sources of water are rainwater, mau al samaau; water from oceans and seas, maau al bahr; and water from rivers, maau al nahar. The Qur’an described the following types of fresh water: Mau ma’iin, Mau mahiin, mau ‘adhb, and mau ghadq. Water serves the purposes of quenching thirst, cooling the body, and cleaning. It is needed for metabolism. It also gives esthetic pleasure. Milk was mentioned in the Qur’an as a specific food for newborns and infants. The prophet recommended milk as the last drink on earth. Honey is a drink with nutritional and medicinal benefits.

 

2.0 HALAAL AND HARAAM DRINKS

The basis for halaal and haram drinks is the same as has been described for food. All drinks are permitted unless specifically prohibited. Drinks that contain  sugar and could contain small amounts of alcohol due to fermentation are considered offensive. Also considered offensive are non-alcoholic drinks like tea of coffee that are addictive. Khamr is forbidden. Every intoxicant is khamr. Khamr is the key to sins. Many sins arise from taking khamr. Severe warning is given to those who call khamr another name to make it permitted. Khamr is not a medicine but a disease. Non-alcoholic drinks can be prohibited on the basis of harm to good health.

 

3.0 ETIQUETTE OF DRINKING, adab al sharab

Drinking is encouraged especially in hot weather where there is high perspiration. Wastage is prohibited.

 

It is recommended to praise Allah before the start of drinking milk. It is offensive to drink in one gulp. Drinking like a dog is prohibited. Drinking with the left hand is offensive. Drinking from gold or silver vessels is forbidden. Taking a breath during drinking is needed. Drinking while standing up was prohibited and was allowed in another instance.  There is a special dua for drinking milk. A dua is recited at the end of drinking, The mouth is rinsed after drinking.

 
4.0 HYGIENIC MEASURES IN DRINKING

It is forbidden to breathe into the vessel. It is also prohibited to breathe or blow into the drink itself. Drinking from the mouth of the vessel is forbidden.

 

5.0 RULINGS ON DRINKS

Ethanol is used as a solvent in medicinal preparation only in cases in necessity, dharuurat. Fermentation of sugar-containing drinks could produce small amounts of alcohol. Materials out of which alcohol is made should not be distributed. Community water supplies are a public property and care should be taken to make sure they do not get polluted. Addictive non-alcoholic drinks are forbidden.

Professor Omar Hasan Kasule Sr. August 2005